Healthy gums are not inflamed, they hold the teeth tightly and feel natural. They have a firm texture and do not bleed on doing everyday activities like brushing. The shape of the healthy gum tissue is typically a sharp curve around the tooth. Healthy gums have a color natural to the person’s skin-pigmentation. For example a lighter skinned person has pink gums whereas a person with very dark skin may have almost black gums.
Bacteria in the mouth can bond together to form plaque that gets lodged at the gum-line and between teeth. This causes an inflammatory reaction in the gums. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. This condition can be reversed with professional dental cleaning at regular intervals and better oral hygiene.
If left untreated, the infection can extend to the ligaments and bone supporting the teeth. This is an advanced stage called periodontitis. If not dealt with, it can lead to the loosening followed by loss of teeth.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
The symptoms of gum disease my start small and there may be no pain at first. This is why is important to have your dentist check them at regular intervals for any future problems. People at different stages of life may be at higher risk of gum disease. Studies show that there is an association between gum disease and other systemic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and Alzheimer’s. People with these conditions should especially visit their dentist for evaluations.
Categories of individuals at high risk of gum disease
Your dentist at Canyon West Dental will perform a visual exam with a probe to check your gums for plaque. Your teeth will be checked for any abnormal movement and change in bite. Your gum line may be measured to see if there is any gum-recession. A more detailed exam will consist of x-rays to detect bone loss and change in bone structure.
We offer comfortable, professional cleanings to reverse early stages of gum disease. If gum disease is of the advanced and chronic kind, then maintenance with cleanings, medication and improved oral hygiene is the way to go. In some extreme cases, oral surgery may be recommended.